Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay have spoken out against the anti-homosexuality law signed into force today in Uganda, saying it violates basic human rights and endangers lesbians, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people in the country [...]
This law violates a host of fundamental human rights, including the right to freedom from discrimination, to privacy, freedom of association, peaceful assembly, opinion and expression and equality before the law – all of which are enshrined in Uganda’s own Constitution and in the international treaties it has ratified.” The High Commissioner expressed deep concern that the law could also threaten the critically important work of human rights defenders in the country, urging the Government to take immediate steps to ensure that they are not prosecuted for their advocacy [...]
Archive for the ‘Diritti umani’ Category
The establishment of a special Tribunal to prosecute crimes of slavery in Mauritania bring the country one step closer to effectively ending the practice of slavery, an independent United Nations expert said, calling on the Government to deploy all necessary efforts to making this a reality.
The UN commission of inquiry on human rights in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), established by the Human Rights Council (with resolution 22/13 of 21 March 2013) with the mandate to investigate the systematic, widespread and grave violations of human rights in the DPRK, published its Report on the 17th of February 2014.
The Report found “unspeakable atrocities” including crimes against humanity such as “extermination, murder, enslavement, torture, imprisonment, rape, forced abortions and other sexual violence, persecution on political, religious, racial and gender grounds, the forcible transfer of populations, the enforced disappearance of persons and the inhumane act of knowingly causing prolonged starvation”, highlighting that the “gravity, scale and nature of these violations reveal a State that does not have any parallel in the contemporary world”. The Report called for urgent action by the international community to address the situation in the country, including through a referral to the International Criminal Court.
For more information see press release and the official web page of the Commission of inquiry, with all the relevant documentation, including the Report of the Commission of Inquiry and the Detailed findings of the latter.
Posted in Diritti delle Donne, Diritti umani, Nazioni Unite, tagged Diritti delle donne; Relatore speciale sui diritti delle donne; Italia on 24 febbraio 2012 |
La relatrice speciale delle Nazioni Unite sulla violenza contro le donne, le sue cause e conseguenze, Rashida Manjoo, ha concluso la propria missione in Italia. Ecco un estratto dal suo comunicato ufficiale:
[...] My visit focused broadly on violence against women in four spheres, including the home, the community, violence perpetrated or condoned by the state, and violence in the transnational context. Issues that I looked into include domestic violence; femicide; violence against women who face multiple and intersecting forms of discrimination, including Roma, Sinti and other migrant women; detained women, women with disabilities and transgendered people. Unfortunately, violence against women continues to be a problem in Italy, similar to many other countries in the world. With statistics ranging between 70 and 87%, depending on the source, domestic violence is the most pervasive form of violence that continues to affect women across the country. The continuum of violence in the home is reflected in the increasing numbers of victims of femicide. Reported statistics indicate that in 2006, 101 women were killed by a partner, spouse or former partner and this figure increased to 127 in 2010. Most manifestations of violence are underreported in a context of a family-oriented and patriarchal society; domestic violence is not always perceived as a crime; economic dependency; and perceptions that the state response to such complaints will not be appropriate or helpful. Furthermore, a fragmented legal framework and inadequate investigation, punishment and compensation for women victims of violence, also contributes to the silencing and invisibility surrounding this issue.
On the 23rd of February 2012 the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights delivered its judgment in the case of Hirsi Jamaa and Others v. Italy (application no. 27765/09). The case concerned Somalian and Eritrean migrants travelling from Libya who had been intercepted on the high seas by Italian authorities and sent back to Libya, in accordance with Italian “pushback policy”.
According to the Court, the events giving rise to the alleged violations had fallen within Italy’s jurisdiction within the meaning of Article 1 of the Convention.
The Court also concluded that, by transferring the applicants to Libya, Italian authorities had exposed them to the risk of ill-treatment prohibited by the Convention, therefore violating Article 3.
Moreover, it concluded that the removal of the applicants, carried out without any examination of each individual situation, amounted to a collective expulsion in violation of Article 4 of Protocol No. 4.
Furthermore, the applicants had been unable to lodge complaints under relevant provisions of the Convention with a competent authority, to obtain a thorough and rigorous assessment of their requests, before the removal measure was enforced, which amounted to a violation of Article 13 taken in conjunction with Article 3 and Article 4 of Protocol No. 4.
Finally, under Article 41 (just satisfaction), the Court held that Italy was to pay each applicant 15,000 euros (EUR) in respect of non-pecuniary damage and EUR 1,575.74 to the applicants jointly in respect of costs and expenses.
Read the full judgment
Read the comment by Prof. Bruno Nascimbene on Affari Internazionali (Condanna senza appello per i ‘respingimenti’)
Il 26-27 Maggio si terrà a Trento il Forum BioDiritto 2011. Il Fotum si aprirà il 26 maggio con una tavola rotonda su “Neurogenetica e giustizia”, in cui interverranno B. Bottalico, C. Casonato, D. Ovadia, A. Quattrone, A. Santosuosso, J.V. Schwarzbach. Il 27 maggio si terrà il Convegno “Genetica, diritto e diritti”, in cui interverranno A. Alì, J. Beqiraj, R. Belfiore, A. Bonfanti, M. Borzaga, F. Casasole, C. Casonato, G. Di Paolo, E. Caliceti, A. Fodella, L. Mingardo, D. Ovadia, C. Piciocchi, P. Sommaggio, A. Trojsi, P. Veronesi. Per il programma dettagliato si veda il sito istituzionale del Forum
Il Prof. Giuseppe Nesi, consigliere giuridico dela Presidenza dell’Assemblea Generale delle Nazioni Unite, ha tenuto ieri una lezione su “Nazioni Unite e rispetto dei diritti umani nella lotta al terrorismo”.
I materiali della lezione:
- Giuseppe Nesi, “Nazioni Unite e rispetto dei diritti umani nella lotta al terrorismo internazionale alla luce del rapporto del relatore speciale dell’ONU”, in La Comunità internazionale, vol. LXVI n. 1, 2011.
Risoluzioni del Consiglio di Sicurezza citate:
Res. 1267 (1999) on the situation in Afghanistan
Res. 1368 (2001) Threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts
Res. 1373 (2001) Threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts
Res. 1904 (2009) Threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts
Res. 1963 (2010) Threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts
L’intervento del Consiglio di Sicurezza in Libia richiede un’attenta riflessione. Ecco degli spunti offerti da autorevoli internazionalisti. Philippe Sands, Professore di Diritto internazionale presso lo University College London, sul Guardian, difende l’intervento (“UN’s Libya resolution 1973 is better late than never“). Richard Falk, Professore di Diritto internazionale e Relazioni internazionali della Princeton University, è più critico (“Qaddafi, Moral Interventionism, Libya, and the Arab Revolutionary Moment“).
Natalino Ronzitti, ordinario di Diritto Internazionale dell’Università Luiss “Guido Carli” di Roma, su Affari Internazionali risponde a una domanda cruciale in questo contesto (“Che fare del trattato con la Libia“) e riflette su alcuni sviluppi dell’intervento in Libia (“Ė lecito armare i ribelli libici?“).
Leggi il press release ufficiale UN rights experts sound alarm on wave of enforced disappearances in Libya.