Archive for febbraio 2012

La relatrice speciale delle Nazioni Unite sulla violenza contro le donne, le sue cause e conseguenze, Rashida Manjoo, ha concluso la propria missione in Italia. Ecco un estratto dal suo comunicato ufficiale:

[…] My visit focused broadly on violence against women in four spheres, including the home, the community, violence perpetrated or condoned by the state, and violence in the transnational context. Issues that I looked into include domestic violence; femicide; violence against women who face multiple and intersecting forms of discrimination, including Roma, Sinti and other migrant women; detained women, women with disabilities and transgendered people. Unfortunately, violence against women continues to be a problem in Italy, similar to many other countries in the world. With statistics ranging between 70 and 87%, depending on the source,  domestic violence is the most pervasive form of violence that continues to affect women across the country. The continuum of violence in the home is reflected in the increasing numbers of victims of  femicide. Reported statistics indicate that in 2006, 101 women were killed by a partner, spouse or  former partner and this figure increased to 127 in 2010. Most manifestations of violence are  underreported in a context of a family-oriented and patriarchal society; domestic violence is not  always perceived as a crime; economic dependency; and perceptions that the state response to such  complaints will not be appropriate or helpful. Furthermore, a fragmented legal framework and inadequate investigation, punishment and compensation for women victims of violence, also contributes to the silencing and invisibility surrounding this issue.



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On the 23rd of February 2012 the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights delivered its judgment in the case of Hirsi Jamaa and Others v. Italy (application no. 27765/09). The case concerned Somalian and Eritrean migrants travelling from Libya who had been intercepted on the high seas by Italian authorities and sent back to Libya, in accordance with Italian “pushback policy”.
According to the Court, the events giving rise to the alleged violations had fallen within Italy’s jurisdiction within the meaning of Article 1 of the Convention.
The Court also concluded that, by transferring the applicants to Libya, Italian authorities had exposed them to the risk of ill-treatment prohibited by the Convention, therefore violating Article 3.
Moreover, it  concluded that  the removal of the applicants, carried out without any examination of each individual situation, amounted to a collective expulsion in violation of Article 4 of Protocol No. 4.
Furthermore, the applicants had been unable to lodge complaints under relevant provisions of the Convention with a competent authority, to obtain a thorough and rigorous assessment of their requests, before the removal measure was enforced, which amounted to a violation of Article 13 taken in conjunction with Article 3 and Article 4 of Protocol No. 4.
Finally, under Article 41 (just satisfaction), the Court held that Italy was to pay each applicant 15,000 euros (EUR) in respect of non-pecuniary damage and EUR 1,575.74 to the applicants jointly in respect of costs and expenses.
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Read the comment by Prof. Bruno Nascimbene on Affari Internazionali (Condanna senza appello per i ‘respingimenti’)

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La Scuola di Studi Internazionali e il Centro per la Formazione alla Solidarietà Internazionale organizzano un Convegno su “Conflitto, Pace, Costruzione dello Stato e Istituzioni locali”presso la sala conferenza della Facoltà di Economia dell’Università degli Studi di Trento nei giorni 1-2 marzo 2012. Per maggiori informazioni clicca qui

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