Archive for the ‘Rifugiati’ Category

On the 23rd of February 2012 the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights delivered its judgment in the case of Hirsi Jamaa and Others v. Italy (application no. 27765/09). The case concerned Somalian and Eritrean migrants travelling from Libya who had been intercepted on the high seas by Italian authorities and sent back to Libya, in accordance with Italian “pushback policy”.
According to the Court, the events giving rise to the alleged violations had fallen within Italy’s jurisdiction within the meaning of Article 1 of the Convention.
The Court also concluded that, by transferring the applicants to Libya, Italian authorities had exposed them to the risk of ill-treatment prohibited by the Convention, therefore violating Article 3.
Moreover, it  concluded that  the removal of the applicants, carried out without any examination of each individual situation, amounted to a collective expulsion in violation of Article 4 of Protocol No. 4.
Furthermore, the applicants had been unable to lodge complaints under relevant provisions of the Convention with a competent authority, to obtain a thorough and rigorous assessment of their requests, before the removal measure was enforced, which amounted to a violation of Article 13 taken in conjunction with Article 3 and Article 4 of Protocol No. 4.
Finally, under Article 41 (just satisfaction), the Court held that Italy was to pay each applicant 15,000 euros (EUR) in respect of non-pecuniary damage and EUR 1,575.74 to the applicants jointly in respect of costs and expenses.
Read the full judgment

Read the comment by Prof. Bruno Nascimbene on Affari Internazionali (Condanna senza appello per i ‘respingimenti’)

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Sentenza nelle cause riunite C-57/09 e C-101/09 – Germania / B e Germania /D (leggi il comunicato stampa)

Una persona può essere esclusa dallo status di rifugiato ove sia stata individualmente responsabile degli atti commessi da un’organizzazione che applica metodi terroristici

La sola circostanza che essa abbia fatto parte di un’organizzazione siffatta non può avere come conseguenza automatica l’esclusione da tale status

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Lo European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT) del Consiglio d’Europa ha svolto una missione in Italia nel luglio del 2009. Nel Rapporto redatto al termine della missione, pubblicato il 28 aprile, il CPT dichiara che la politica italiana dei respingimenti viola il diritto internazionale. (altro…)

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Si tiene oggi a Trento il Convegno “Il diritto internazionale dei rifugiati,
il respingimento in mare e l’accordo Italia-Libia

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The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (“UNHCR”) published yesterday an “Advisory Opinion on the Extraterritorial Application of Non-Refoulement Obligations under the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol”. The opinion:

…provides an overview of States’ non-refoulement obligations with regard to refugees and asylum-seekers under international refugee and human rights law [and] focuses more specifically on the extraterritorial application of these obligations and sets out UNHCR’s position with regard to the territorial scope of States’ non-refoulement obligations under the 1951 Convention and its 1967 Protocol

Read the Advisory opinion here

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