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L’Assemblea Generale delle Nazioni Unite, il 24 marzo 2014 (con 100 voti a favore 11 contrari e 58 astensioni) ha dichiarato che l’annessione alla Russia della penisola di Crimea non ha validità e che le parti devono cercare una soluzione pacifica della situazione. (UNGA 68th session, Doc A/68/L.39, 24 March 2014). In particolare, L’Assemblea:

…Recalling the obligations of all States under Article 2 of the Charter to refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any State, and to settle their international disputes by peaceful means…

1. Affirms its commitment to the sovereignty, political independence, unity and territorial integrity of Ukraine within its internationally recognized borders;
2. Calls upon all States to desist and refrain from actions aimed at the partial or total disruption of the national unity and territorial integrity of Ukraine, including any attempts to modify Ukraine’s borders through the threat or use of force or other unlawful means;

3. Urges all parties to pursue immediately the peaceful resolution of the situation with respect to Ukraine through direct political dialogue, to exercise restraint, o refrain from unilateral actions and inflammatory rhetoric that may increase tensions, and to engage fully with international mediation efforts

5. Underscores that the referendum held in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol on 16  March 2014, having no validity, cannot form the basis for any alteration of the status of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea or of the city of Sevastopol

6.Calls upon all States, international organizations and specialized agencies not to recognize any alteration of the status of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol on the basis of the above – mentioned  referendum and to refrain from any action or dealing that might be interpreted as recognizing any such altered status

 

Per il press release si veda United Nations News Centre – Backing Ukraine’s territorial integrity, UN Assembly declares Crimea referendum invalid.

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The UN commission of inquiry on human rights in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), established by the Human Rights Council (with resolution 22/13 of  21 March 2013) with the mandate to investigate the systematic, widespread and grave violations of human rights in the DPRK, published its Report on the 17th of February 2014.

The Report found “unspeakable atrocities” including  crimes against humanity such as “extermination, murder, enslavement, torture, imprisonment, rape, forced abortions and other sexual violence, persecution on political, religious, racial and gender grounds, the forcible transfer of populations, the enforced disappearance of persons and the inhumane act of knowingly causing prolonged starvation”, highlighting that the “gravity, scale and nature of these violations reveal a State that does not have any parallel in the contemporary world”. The Report called for urgent action by the international community to address the situation in the country, including through a referral to the International Criminal Court.

For more information see press release and the official web page of the Commission of inquiry, with all the relevant documentation, including the Report of the Commission of Inquiry and the Detailed findings of the latter.

 

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Lo European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT) del Consiglio d’Europa ha svolto una missione in Italia nel luglio del 2009. Nel Rapporto redatto al termine della missione, pubblicato il 28 aprile, il CPT dichiara che la politica italiana dei respingimenti viola il diritto internazionale. (altro…)

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