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Archive for the ‘Nazioni Unite’ Category

L’Assemblea Generale delle Nazioni Unite, il 24 marzo 2014 (con 100 voti a favore 11 contrari e 58 astensioni) ha dichiarato che l’annessione alla Russia della penisola di Crimea non ha validità e che le parti devono cercare una soluzione pacifica della situazione. (UNGA 68th session, Doc A/68/L.39, 24 March 2014). In particolare, L’Assemblea:

…Recalling the obligations of all States under Article 2 of the Charter to refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any State, and to settle their international disputes by peaceful means…

1. Affirms its commitment to the sovereignty, political independence, unity and territorial integrity of Ukraine within its internationally recognized borders;
2. Calls upon all States to desist and refrain from actions aimed at the partial or total disruption of the national unity and territorial integrity of Ukraine, including any attempts to modify Ukraine’s borders through the threat or use of force or other unlawful means;

3. Urges all parties to pursue immediately the peaceful resolution of the situation with respect to Ukraine through direct political dialogue, to exercise restraint, o refrain from unilateral actions and inflammatory rhetoric that may increase tensions, and to engage fully with international mediation efforts

5. Underscores that the referendum held in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol on 16  March 2014, having no validity, cannot form the basis for any alteration of the status of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea or of the city of Sevastopol

6.Calls upon all States, international organizations and specialized agencies not to recognize any alteration of the status of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol on the basis of the above – mentioned  referendum and to refrain from any action or dealing that might be interpreted as recognizing any such altered status

 

Per il press release si veda United Nations News Centre – Backing Ukraine’s territorial integrity, UN Assembly declares Crimea referendum invalid.

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Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay have spoken out against the anti-homosexuality law signed into force today in Uganda, saying it violates basic human rights and endangers lesbians, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people in the country […]

This law violates a host of fundamental human rights, including the right to freedom from discrimination, to privacy, freedom of association, peaceful assembly, opinion and expression and equality before the law – all of which are enshrined in Uganda’s own Constitution and in the international treaties it has ratified.” The High Commissioner expressed deep concern that the law could also threaten the critically important work of human rights defenders in the country, urging the Government to take immediate steps to ensure that they are not prosecuted for their advocacy […]

Read more: United Nations News Centre – New anti-homosexuality law in Uganda violates basic human rights, stress UN officials.

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The establishment of a special Tribunal to prosecute crimes of slavery in Mauritania bring the country one step closer to effectively ending the practice of slavery, an independent United Nations expert said, calling on the Government to deploy all necessary efforts to making this a reality.

Read more.

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The UN commission of inquiry on human rights in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), established by the Human Rights Council (with resolution 22/13 of  21 March 2013) with the mandate to investigate the systematic, widespread and grave violations of human rights in the DPRK, published its Report on the 17th of February 2014.

The Report found “unspeakable atrocities” including  crimes against humanity such as “extermination, murder, enslavement, torture, imprisonment, rape, forced abortions and other sexual violence, persecution on political, religious, racial and gender grounds, the forcible transfer of populations, the enforced disappearance of persons and the inhumane act of knowingly causing prolonged starvation”, highlighting that the “gravity, scale and nature of these violations reveal a State that does not have any parallel in the contemporary world”. The Report called for urgent action by the international community to address the situation in the country, including through a referral to the International Criminal Court.

For more information see press release and the official web page of the Commission of inquiry, with all the relevant documentation, including the Report of the Commission of Inquiry and the Detailed findings of the latter.

 

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Nei giorni giovedi 19 e venerdi 20 aprile si tengono due importanti  Conferenze in materia di Diritto internazionale presso la Facoltà di giurisprudenza dell’Università di Trento

Giovedi 19 alle 16 i Professori Luigi Condorelli (Università di Firenze) e Salvatore Zappalà (Università di Catania – Consigliere giuridico della Rappresentanza d’Italia all’ONU) parleranno di “Crimini di guerra e immunità dello Stato
La sentenza Germania contro Italia della Corte internazionale di giustizia

Venerdi 20 dalle 9 si terrà un Convegno su “Il diritto internazionale dal Palazzo di Vetro Esperti all’ONU e dinamiche del diritto negli ultimi decenni“, presieduto dal Prof. Luigi Ferrari Bravo, con interventi dei Professori Tullio Treves,  Mauro Politi,  Giuseppe Nesi e Salvatore Zappalà, Consiglieri giuridici italiani a New York degli ultimi decenni. Interverranno anche il Prof. Nicolas Michel (già Legal Counsel delle Nazioni Unite), l’ Ambasciatore Lamia Mekhemar (Ambasciatore d’Egitto presso la S. Sede), il Prof. Antonello Tancredi (Università di Palermo) e il Prof. Luigi Condorelli.

Per ulteriori informazioni consultare il sito http://www.jus.unitn.it/services/arc/2012/0419/home.html#a2

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La relatrice speciale delle Nazioni Unite sulla violenza contro le donne, le sue cause e conseguenze, Rashida Manjoo, ha concluso la propria missione in Italia. Ecco un estratto dal suo comunicato ufficiale:

[…] My visit focused broadly on violence against women in four spheres, including the home, the community, violence perpetrated or condoned by the state, and violence in the transnational context. Issues that I looked into include domestic violence; femicide; violence against women who face multiple and intersecting forms of discrimination, including Roma, Sinti and other migrant women; detained women, women with disabilities and transgendered people. Unfortunately, violence against women continues to be a problem in Italy, similar to many other countries in the world. With statistics ranging between 70 and 87%, depending on the source,  domestic violence is the most pervasive form of violence that continues to affect women across the country. The continuum of violence in the home is reflected in the increasing numbers of victims of  femicide. Reported statistics indicate that in 2006, 101 women were killed by a partner, spouse or  former partner and this figure increased to 127 in 2010. Most manifestations of violence are  underreported in a context of a family-oriented and patriarchal society; domestic violence is not  always perceived as a crime; economic dependency; and perceptions that the state response to such  complaints will not be appropriate or helpful. Furthermore, a fragmented legal framework and inadequate investigation, punishment and compensation for women victims of violence, also contributes to the silencing and invisibility surrounding this issue.

(altro…)

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Il Prof. Giuseppe Nesi, consigliere giuridico dela Presidenza dell’Assemblea Generale delle Nazioni Unite, ha tenuto ieri una lezione su “Nazioni Unite e rispetto dei diritti umani nella lotta al terrorismo”.

I materiali della lezione:

Giuseppe Nesi, “Nazioni Unite e rispetto dei diritti umani nella lotta al terrorismo internazionale alla luce del rapporto del relatore speciale dell’ONU”, in La Comunità internazionale, vol. LXVI n. 1, 2011.

Risoluzioni del Consiglio di Sicurezza citate:

Res. 1267 (1999) on the situation in Afghanistan

Res. 1368 (2001) Threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts

Res. 1373 (2001) Threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts

Res. 1904 (2009) Threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts

Res. 1963 (2010)  Threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts

Pagina dello Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism

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L’intervento del Consiglio di Sicurezza in Libia richiede un’attenta riflessione. Ecco degli spunti offerti da autorevoli internazionalisti. Philippe Sands, Professore di Diritto internazionale presso lo University College London, sul Guardian, difende l’intervento (“UN’s Libya resolution 1973 is better late than never“). Richard Falk, Professore di Diritto internazionale e Relazioni internazionali della Princeton University, è più critico (“Qaddafi, Moral Interventionism, Libya, and the Arab Revolutionary Moment“).

Natalino Ronzitti, ordinario di Diritto Internazionale dell’Università Luiss “Guido Carli” di Roma, su Affari Internazionali risponde a una domanda cruciale in questo contesto (“Che fare del trattato con la Libia“) e riflette su alcuni sviluppi dell’intervento in Libia (“Ė lecito armare i ribelli libici?“).

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Leggi il press release ufficiale UN rights experts sound alarm on wave of enforced disappearances in Libya.

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Nella notte del 17 marzo 2011 il Consiglio di Sicurezza delle Nazioni Unite ha adottato la risoluzione 1973 (2011), con la quale autorizza gli Stati membri ad adottare “tutte le misure necessarie” per proteggere la popolazione civile. La risoluzione,  in particolare, stabilisce il divieto di sorvolo dello spazio aereo libico al fine di proteggere i civili (c.d. “no-fly zone”); istituisce de facto un bando ai voli di aerei libici fuori dallo spazio aereo libico; rafforza il bando al traffico di armi con la Libia e ribadisce le sanzioni individuali, già stabiliti con la precedente risoluzione 1970 (2011) (vedi Il Consiglio di Sicurezza dell’ONU adotta la risoluzione 1970 (2011) sulla Libia). La risoluzione è stata adottata con 10 voti favorevoli e 5 astensioni (fra cui quelle dei Membri permanenti Cina e Federazione Russa). Leggi il press release ufficiale con il testo completo della risluzione: Security Council Approves ‘No-Fly Zone’ over Libya, Authorizing ‘All Necessary Measures’ to Protect Civilians, by Vote of 10 in Favour with 5 Abstentions

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